Glossary

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F

Term Definition
FACES

an acronym for the main signs of heart failure: Fatigue, Activities limited, Chest congestion, Edema (swelling), Shortness of breath

Factor V Leiden (FVL)

An inherited defect that affects the factor V blood clotting protein. People with FVL have a high risk of blood clot problems including heart attack at an early age.

Factor XIII

A blood clotting protein. Inherited defects that affect this protein may increase your risk of blood clotting problems.

Familial hypercholesterolemia

High cholesterol that runs in the family.

FAST

a mnemonic for remembering the signs of stroke and the importance of getting prompt treatment: Face, Arms, Speech, Time

Femoral artery

A large artery in the thigh.

Ferritin

A protein that binds and stores iron.

Fibrates

Drugs that lower cholesterol by reducing triglycerides and increasing HDL cholesterol.

Fibric acid derivative

See Fibrates

Fibrillation

Abnormally rapid, inefficient contractions of the atria or ventricles that can prevent the heart from pumping enough blood.

Fibrinogen

A component of blood necessary for clotting. It is broken down into fibrin.

fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)

a genetic disease in which the cells in the walls of the arteries grow abnormally, reducing blood flow

Fluoroscope

An X-ray device that helps to produce moving images of internal organs, such as the heart. The X-rays pass through the body and onto a screen where an organ's functioning can be observed in action.

Framingham Risk

A calculation that takes into account a number of different risk factors to determine your risk of developing heart disease within the next 10 years.

functional capacity

your ability to perform basic physical tasks; used to measure how much heart disease is affecting your daily